Cannabinoids: what do they mean and what are their effects?

September 12, 2020

Cannabis has long been more than just THC, except perhaps for recreational uses. Little by little, other molecules (called cannabinoids) that affect the flavor and effects of marijuana are also being studied and discussed by cannabis researchers and experts. It turns out there are a number of molecules closely related to THC that can also have varied and often powerful effects.

What are cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are substances that are produced in the human body (called endocannabinoids) and in the cannabis plant and other plants (called phytocannabinoids). To date, over 100 cannabinoids have been found in cannabis. They are responsible for most, but not all of the effects and effects we experience from using cannabis. Other effects can be caused by terpenoids and flavonoids.


As mentioned earlier, the cannabinoids produced by plants are called phytocannabinoids. When you consume marijuana, phytocannabinoids interact with the cells in our body to provide various effects and therapeutic benefits. Phytocannabinoids are a viscous resin that accumulates in trichomes or resin glands and can be found on the surface of flowers and leaves. The cannabis plant is the only plant known to produce phytocannabinoids in large quantities.


Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that are naturally formed in the human body. The entire system of the human body is called the endocannabinoid system (ECS). ECS is a receptor network that interacts with cannabinoids like THC and CBD. This is why we respond so well to cannabis.
The endocannabinoid system regulates many important processes in the human body, such as eating, sleeping, and addiction.

The main cannabinoids in cannabis.

As many people know, THC and CBD are some of the main cannabinoids in cannabis. But there is another substance called CBC that can also be counted because it is found in most varieties with healthy content. It is even possible that the CBC content of some strains is higher than that of CBD.
Below is an overview of the 10 most important cannabinoids in cannabis.

1. THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol).

We have already created a detailed guide to THC, so here are just a few of the most important features. THC is an abbreviation for Delta-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, and as many already know, it is the component responsible for the psychoactive effects of marijuana use. THC can create the “buzz” that is so popular with recreational users.
The potential therapeutic and healing properties of THC are enormous. The more research is done, the larger the list of diseases for which THC can be used successfully. Below is a small list of diseases and ailments that THC can relieve or even cure:
1) Cancer (cancer of the brain, breast, in children, skin, etc.).
2) Crohn’s disease.
3) Chronic and neuropathic pain.
4) ADHD.
5) Alzheimer’s.
6) Arthritis.
7) Tourette’s syndrome.

2. CBD (cannabidiol).

CBD is an acronym for Cannabidiol, which is the second most common ingredient in most cannabis strains. Unlike THC, CBD does not cause any psychoactive effects and therefore is not subject to the Drug Act, which makes it a legal substance.
The therapeutic and healing potential of CBD is enormous, as is THC. The list of diseases for which CBD can successfully promote treatment (scientifically proven) is growing every day. Below is a small excerpt on diseases and ailments in which CBD can help relieve and even cure:
a) Epilepsy.
b) Cancer.
c) Depression.
d) Chronic pain and inflammation.
e) Anxiety.
f) Nausea.
g) Diabetes mellitus.
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3. CBC (cannabichromen).

Cannabichromene, or CBC for short, is the third most abundant cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. It can also happen that CBC has a higher content than CBD in some varieties.
A complete blood count has the following potential therapeutic effects:
a. Anti-inflammatory agent.
It is known that CBC alone is very effective in reducing inflammation. According to a 2010 study, these anti-inflammatory effects are enhanced when CBC is combined with THC. This is further evidence to researchers that many cannabinoids can work synergistically with each other. Scientists have been able to find and isolate over 100 different compounds in the marijuana plant, but the strongest medicine comes when the different components work together.
b. Fighting cancer.
CBC, combined with THC and other cannabinoids, has shown great promise in the fight against breast cancer. The anti-tumor effects of CBC are not as strong as the potential of CBD, THC, and CBG, but together they have shown very good effects.
c. Antidepressant.
There is one very reliable way in science to tell if a mouse is depressed. She is hung by her tail and then watched as she fights with it. The more she struggles with it, the better her mood. Researchers at the University of Mississippi found that mice that were given CBC fought much more than mice that were given other cannabinoids. The more CBC was injected, the longer and harder the mice fought it.
d. Promotes the growth of brain cells.
A 2013 study found that a CBC actually helps new brain cells grow. Regardless of your age, cells in certain parts of the brain continue to grow. It does this through a process known as neurogenesis. The affected cells are responsible for memory and learning.
When the brain stops producing new cells in these areas, it can lead to diseases like Alzheimer’s.